首页系统综合问题关于如何提问 Wh+系列

关于如何提问 Wh+系列

时间2023-05-26 12:54:35发布分享专员分类系统综合问题浏览190

Wh-question是由特殊疑问词+一般疑问句构成的特殊疑问句The Special interrogative sentence,针对句子中某一个成分(内容)进行提问,属于开放式的问题,回答的内容由对方决定It is not up to you.

句子分析手段-成分分析

了解和掌握一定的句子分析手段,有助于遣词造句的正确性和对优质谈话内容的识别和欣赏,理解长难句,做到正确表达,首先得理解句子成分

它指构成句子的成分,揭示的是词与词之间的相互组合修饰的关系,由单个词或者词组充当,揭露单词词性与成分,成分与结构的内在逻辑关系

1-句子成分由词汇词性构成

2-句子成分排列组合构成不同的结构

分主要成分(主干)

1-主语(一般由代词pron.名词或名词N词组充当,非谓语动词等verb充当 2-谓语 (Verb动词) 3-宾语(如:数词,代词)

次要成分

4-定语(形容词+介词短语)等 5-状语(副词+介词短语+非谓语动词等) 6-表语(形容词等) 7-补语(主补+宾补) 8-同位语 9-插入语

(此处暂不赘述)

Wh-question 开放式问题

1-基本的结构Structure

Wh-疑问词 + Yes/No question一般疑问句

在原本yes/No 问题的基础上,进一步了解更多的细节信息More info needed

实际上是针对句子中的某一成分(内容)进行提问,

如时间,地点,原因,归属等提示词

2-特殊疑问词分类

2-1 副词类Adverbs 充当整个句子中的状语(此句子实际上就是肯定句中的状语成分)

Where询问地点

When 询问时间

Why询问原因

2 代词类 Pronouns 代替句子中的主要成分,如主语,宾语,表语等

What 表示什么,不知道的东西,均可提问

Which表示哪一个,A or B ,可供选择(一般是给定范围内的选择)

Who 询问人

Whom谁, 做句子的宾语(一般用在定语从句中,做从句宾语)

3-疑问形容词Adjective +noun名词 ,等同于形容词的供能,后面直接加noun即可

What +noun...?(不限定选择的范围)

Which+noun ...? (给定范围内的选择)

Whose+noun...? Whose谁的,询问物品的归属谁的问题

针对性提问(基于Info needed需要的信息+ 选择wh-疑问词+Yes/No question一般疑问句)

1-What- Sth you don't know.

What is this/that?&what are they? what are you doing?+ Be 引导的Yes/No问句

What can I do for you?+ Can 引导的Yes/No问句

What do you usually do on the weekend?+ do 引导的Yes/No问句

What should I do next? +modal情态动词引导的其他Yes/No问句

2 Which – choice&option&alternative&A or B

Which first-tier city would you like to work in,SZ or SH?

Which one is yours?

3 When-time&specific point& definite time对具体时间的提问,时间点概念

When do you usually go to the gym?

When can you come over to my place for dinner?

When are you going to travel to America?

When is the meeting...? When=at what time 这里的When 在问句中名义上是做状语,实际上通过at what time 的转化.成了介词短语,变成了肯定句中的表语

The meeting is at 5:00P.M(at what time=when)

4 Where– place&location

Where do you live?

Where are you going to stay on your day off? I am going to stay at the cafe and read.

Where are you heading (to)?可以加to 也可以不加to ,Where=at&to what place

5 Whose – possession描述所属关系

Whose laptop?

6 Who-people subject 作主语 whom 做宾语object

Who is your line manager?who在问句中做主语,MY line manager is Kelly.在肯定句中做表语

Who can give me a hand?

Who do you often see a film

7 Why- reason

Why are you still single ?

Why can you get a pay rise?

Why don't you book a hotel 24 hrs in advance?

对于Wh-的问题,针对更多的细节信息进行针对性提问,注意搭配的一般疑问句是哪一种类型,简单地说,就是问你所闻,要问就要问仔细,不能简单回答Yes/No.

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